Every product that has existed for many centuries is covered in mystery. With coffee, of course, the same story.
Mankind always cares: how did it appear, how did it appear? Abstract versions of humanity are usually not satisfied, so the best mysterious stories always have specific characters. In the case of coffee, the character is the Ethiopian shepherd Kaldi. Caldy lived a damn break years ago, grazed goats and found that his goats frolic every time after eating red berries from the bush.
Here’s something about frolic:
This is how the 19th century people thought of Kaldi
Caldi tasted the berries and felt a surge of strength. Collected a fair amount of berries and brought them home. And at home my wife. The wife in mysterious stories is almost always a wise woman. Here she also showed her wisdom: bring, – he says – berries to the monks. If, supposedly, it is a gift of heaven, they will appreciate. Kaldi carried it, and the monks, apparently significantly inferior in wisdom to his wife, did not like the berries so much that they let them throw them into the fire. Then the flesh of the berries burned out, and the grains began to emit a coffee aroma, which made the monks even more alert. “Damn spawn!” – say the monks – and let’s get the grains out of the fire to scoop out and trample underfoot. Scary picture! And the grains underfoot smolder and crumble and smell even more. And the monks trample them even harder. In general, the fight with coffee ended up daring the smoldering “damn spawn” and throwing it into a tub of water – so that it went out. Time passes, one of the monks scoops up a mug from a tub and drinks (after all, there was usually water in the tub). He drinks, and then such an enthusiasm is felt by a surge of strength that he prays with inspiration all night and thinks – what kind of wonderful effect did this strange water have on me? In general, the monks recognized coffee, fell in love, began to drink it, drink it and, possibly, make good.
This is how the coffee fight with the clergy ended with the unconditional victory of the first. Looking ahead, we say that history repeated itself again at the beginning of the 17th century, when coffee came to Europe. The spiritual authorities again stigmatized him with a devilish swill, tried to ban it, leaflets about the satanic nature of the drink were distributed, but coffee was lucky again. Pope Clement VIII stood up for him, who liked coffee and now he has already been proclaimed a “truly Christian drink”.
What happened next with coffee? Before becoming our everyday drink, he went through all sorts of incarnations. Energy bars were made from coffee (berries themselves) mixed with fat – such an ancient dry ration that you could take with you on the road and eat, unusually perk up. They also tried to ferment coffee beans and make them something like wine.
In Yemen, this wine version of coffee was called qahwah, and then the word has already migrated to coffee in its modern sense. Words similar in sound are used to denote coffee in other languages. In Turkish kahveh, in Dutch koffie and finally coffe in English.
Only in the 13th century, people began to roast coffee beans – and this is already much more reliable information than about the shepherd Kaldi.
A modern version of roasted coffee originated in Arabia. In the 13th century, coffee was extremely popular among Muslims due to its stimulating effect, which proved to be useful during long prayer sessions.
Apparently, until the 17th century, no coffee production was located outside the Arabian Peninsula and Africa. But at the beginning of the 17th century, the Indian Sufi Baba Budan left Mecca, secretly taking the fruits of coffee with him (the export of coffee was prohibited).
And already in 1616, the Dutch founded the first coffee company in Europe in Sri Lanka, then in Ceylon, then in Java. Following this, the French and Portuguese begin to grow coffee in their colonies. The first coffee houses immediately begin to appear.
Later coffee production appeared in the New World, this drink became especially popular here after the Boston tea party (a protest rally of American colonists on December 16, 1773 in response to the actions of the British government, as a result of which a cargo of tea belonging to the English East Indies was destroyed in Boston harbor company).
By the 19th century, coffee had already become completely common in Europe, and by the middle of the 19th century, the emergence of many coffee companies that still exist, for example, Maxwell House.